This term indicates the techniques used to reduce the risk of soil erosion in the consolidation works.
Such techniques include the use of live plants or parts of these (seeds, roots, cuttings), alone or in combination with inert natural materials (wood, stone or soil), biodegradable artificial materials (biomats, geojuta) or not biodegradable artificial materials (galvanized nets, geogrids, geonets, geotextiles).

The concept of Naturalistic Engineering was introduced in Italy in the late 800, when in Europe it was already practiced the forest management and maintenance. The short construction time and low cost of materials - often available on the place of intervention - encouraged the use in other application areas.
Today increased sensitivity towards the environment and the landscape has encouraged a sharp increase of works of Naturalistic Engineering.